Percentile

There is no universally accepted definition of a percentile. Using the 65th percentile as an example, some statisticians define the 65th percentile as the lowest score that is *greater than* 65% of the scores. Others have defined the 65th percentile as the lowest score that is *greater than or equal* to 65% of the scores. A more sophisticated definition is given below. The first step is to compute the rank (R) of the percentile in question. This is done using the following formula:

R = P/100 x (N + 1)

where P is the desired percentile and N is the number of numbers. If R is an integer, then the Pth percentile is the number with rank R. When R is not an integer, we compute the Pth percentile by interpolation as follows:

- Define IR as the integer portion of R (the number to the left of the decimal point).
- Define FR as the fractional portion or R.
- Find the scores with Rank IR and with Rank IR + 1.
- Interpolate by multiplying the difference between the scores by FR and add the result to the lower score.