Summarizing Distributions


David M. Lane


  1. Contents
  2. Central Tendency
  3. What is Central Tendency
  4. Measures of Central Tendency
  5. Balance Scale Simulation
  6. Absolute Difference Simulation
  7. Squared Differences Simulation
  8. Median and Mean
  9. Mean and Median Simulation
  10. Additional Measures
  11. Comparing measures
  12. Variability
  13. Measures of Variability
  14. Variability Demo
  15. Estimating Variance Simulation
  16. Shape
  17. Comparing Distributions Demo
  18. Effects of Transformations
  19. Variance Sum Law I
  20. Statistical Literacy
  21. Exercises

PDF (A good way to print the chapter.)


Descriptive statistics often involves using a few numbers to summarize a distribution. One important aspect of a distribution is where its center is located. Measures of central tendency are discussed first. A second aspect of a distribution is how spread out it is. In other words, how much the numbers in the distribution vary from one another. The second section describes measures of variability. Distributions can differ in shape. Some distributions are symmetric whereas others have long tails in just one direction. The third section describes measures of the shape of distributions. The final two sections concern (1) how transformations affect measures summarizing distributions and (2) the variance sum law, an important relationship involving a measure of variability.


Please answer the questions:
correct feedback