The rectangles below appear to be composed of random dots. However,
if the images are viewed with a stereo viewer, the separate images
will fuse and reveal an embedded 3D figure. In this example,
fusing the images of these random dot stereograms will reveal
a diamond. (Another way for you to fuse the images is to fixate
on a point in between them and defocus your eyes. This technique
takes practice, but you can try it out with the links below.)

This experiment sought to determine whether giving someone information
about the embedded image can help speed up how long it takes
to view this image. Seventy-eight participants were given no
information, verbal information, and/or visual information (a
drawing of the object) about what the embedded image should look
like before attempting to fuse the images and actually view the
3D design.

Questions to Answer Does
giving someone information about an embedded image in a stereogram
affect the amount of time it takes to see this image? More specifically,
does the amount of time it takes to fuse the image in a stereogram
differ when the person is given both verbal and visual information
about what the image should look like as opposed to when the person
is only given verbal information or no information at all?

Design Issues

Descriptions of Variables

Variable

Description

Time

Time to produce a fused image of the random dot stereogram

Group

Treatment group divided by type of information received:
1 = no information or only verbal information
2 = both verbal and visual information

References

Frisby, J. P. & Clatworthy, J.L., (1975) Learning to see complex random-dot stereograms, Perception, 4, 173-178.

What is the independent variable? What is the dependent
variable? (1.6)

Create box plots comparing the time it takes to fuse
the image for the NV group to the time it takes for the
VV group. (2.7)

Draw histograms of the fusion time for each group.
(2.5)

What do you notice about the distributions? Do they
appear to be positively or negatively skewed? (1.11)

Compute the mean, variance, and standard deviation
of the time for each group. Do the variances appear to
be equal? (3.6, 3.10)

Perform an independent samples t-test (assuming equal
variance) to compare the mean fusion time for each group.
Is this p value significant at the .05 level? (10.2)

Take the log transformation of the fusion time. Then
draw box plots for each group. (2.7) How did the log
transformation affect the distributions? (1.11)

Conduct a t-test on the log data. What does this say
now about the difference between groups? (10.2)